Everyone has heard of concussions before, and many can say that they’ve been diagnosed with one at some point in their life. Unfortunately, concussions can oftentimes go unnoticed and be misdiagnosed as a terrible migraine. This can happen because the general public is not educated enough when it comes to this traumatic brain injury that can sometimes lead to death.
The brain injury specialists at Carrick Brain Centers constantly come across patients that were unaware of the severity of the injury and are now facing life-long effects of it because of a lack of treatment.
Here are a few facts that every person should know about concussions:
What is a concussion?
We all know that it involves the brain, but do you know what actually happens within your brain? To keep it simple, at the moment of impact your brain is violently shaken, which causes the soft tissue of your brain to bang against the much harder skull bone, causing it to bruise, damage blood vessels and cause nerve damage. This can happen in any instance, whether it’s playing football and hitting your head on the ground as you’re getting tackled, or even just bumping your head into something.
Many concussions go unnoticed because sometimes the symptoms aren’t very noticeable or they are not visible immediately. It is common for them to surface within the next few days after the incident. The most common signs include nausea, severe headaches, sensitivity to light, and dizziness. Some of the more severe symptoms that should be taken very seriously are losing consciousness, lack of memory, changes in sleep and severe mood swings. No matter the symptoms, the person should be taken to a doctor immediately for further examination.
A brain injury specialist can determine the severity of a concussion by considering numerous factors; such as the size of the pupils, how much memory the patient has lost, and how painful the headaches are. Usually, the patient will be put through a CT scan, EEG or MRI for testing. This will allow the doctor to truly see the injury first hand through x-rays and images.
Depending on their findings the doctor will require treatment that includes bed rest, staying out of light because of the sensitivity to the eyes, and medication. The patient will most likely have a follow up appointment once the symptoms have lessened in order to determine whether or not it is safe for them to get back to their daily activities, such as playing impact sports.
While concussions will occur, it is important to do your best to prevent them. If you or a loved one plays a high impact sport, taking precautions such as extra padding or teaching the athletes the safest way to tackle is important in preventing the injury. It is also possible for toddlers to get a concussion, they are often putting themselves in dangerous situations because of their curiosity, whether it’s through climbing objects or running around the house where table corners are sticking out everywhere. Do your best to provide an environment in which the possibility of a severe injury is limited. If one does occur, please contact the brain injury specialists at Carrick Brain Centers today for treatment.